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Litter

OED Definition
Pronunciation: /ˈlɪtə/
Noun 1 [mass noun]: rubbish such as paper, tins, and bottles left lying in an open or public place; [in singular]: an untidy collection of things lying about; 2 a number of young animals born to an animal at one time; 3 (also cat litter) [mass noun]: granular absorbent material lining a tray in which a cat can urinate and defecate when indoors; 4 [mass noun]: straw or other plant matter used as bedding for animals; (also leaf litter) decomposing but recognizable leaves and other debris forming a layer on top of the soil, especially in forests; 5 historical: a structure used to transport people, containing a bed or seat enclosed by curtains and carried on men’s shoulders or by animals; a framework with a couch for transporting the sick and wounded.
Verb [with object]: 1 make (a place or area) untidy with rubbish or a large number of objects left lying about; [with object and adverbial] leave (rubbish or a number of objects) lying untidily in a place; (usually be littered with) fill with examples of a particular thing, typically something bad or unpleasant; 2 archaic provide (a horse or other animal) with litter as bedding.
Origin: Middle English (in litter (sense 5 of the noun)): from Old French litiere, from medieval Latin lectaria, from Latin lectus ‘bed’. Sense 1 dates from the mid 18th century

Yuken Teruya – Golden Arch Parkway McDonalds (Red Yellow) 2005 Paper, glue 12.7 x 17.8 x 28 cm

Giuliana Sommantico – Repeated / Differential Icons (2009) photography

Neil Cummings – Still Life 1914 (1990) recycled cardboard boxes scavenged from London streets

Miguel Romo – Marble Arch of Litter (2011) litter collected from Oxford Street, Regent’s Street and Bond Street in one day

Romuald Hazoumé – Ear Splitting (1999) gas canister, brush, speakers

Romuald Hazoume – Dream (2007). Photograph mounted on wood, boat made from plastic canisters, glass bottles, corks, cords, letters, photographs.

Slinkachu – Local amenities for children (2008)

Anna Francis – Brownfield Ikebana (2012). Brownfield Ikebana celebrates these impromptu wildlife havens, using the Japanese art of flower arranging, but replacing the vase with items of rubbish salvaged from 3 brownfield sites close to the gallery replacing the flowers with ‘weeds.’

Raumlabor – House of Contamination (2010). Conceived as a place that is both real and ideal, the House of Contamination is an experimental museum designed to host Artissima’s curatorial programme Poetry in the Form of a Rose. Located inside the vast area of the Oval Linghotto, the large temporary structure hosts a number of spaces for each of the art disciplines investigated: dance, cinema, literature, design, urbanism and education. A ‘project within a project’, the House of Contamination is conceived as a model, a prototype of a contemporary cultural center. Walls are made out of trash material, intercepted in their route through the recycling process: crushed plastic bottles, compressed bales of advertising and packaging paper, leftover fabrics from the manufacturing process, and discarded wood from doors and discarded panels. The furniture is designed and produced from old fridges, washing machines, doors, dressers, bookshelves and chairs best for the dump. A garage is fitted with an enormous fan to distribute wind through the art fair space; its form is covered in used clothing, recuperated from the leftover materials of an exhibition by Christian Boltanksi, 1:1 recycled art. Most architectural elements of the space are fixed and solid, but the design incorporates a sliding wall, referencing high-tech philosophies of an adaptable architecture. The wall can slide taking away the cinema screen and take the eye to the theatre stage, or to seal the literary salon or invade the corridor.

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